Peripheral ocular aberrations in mild and moderate keratoconus

Atchison, David A., Mathur, Ankit, Read, Scott A., Walker, Mitchell, Newman, Alexander, Tanos, Photios, McLennan, Roderick, & Tran, Andrew (2010) Peripheral ocular aberrations in mild and moderate keratoconus. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science.

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Purpose: To investigate the influence of keratoconus on peripheral ocular aberrations. Methods: Aberrations of 7 mild and 5 moderate keratoconics were determined over a 42°horizontal x 32° vertical visual field with a modified COAS-HD aberrometer. Control data were obtained from an emmetropic group. Results: Most aberrations in keratoconics showed field dependence predominately along the vertical meridian. Mean spherical equivalent M, oblique astigmatism J45 and regular astigmatism J180 refraction components and total root mean square aberrations (excluding defocus) had high magnitudes in the inferior visual field. The rates of change of aberrations were higher in moderate than in mild keratoconics. Coma was the dominant peripheral higher-order aberration in both emmetropes and keratoconics; for the latter it had high magnitudes in the centre and periphery of the visual field. Conclusion: Greater rates of change of aberrations across the visual field occurred for the keratoconic groups than for the emmetropic control group. Moderate keratoconics had more rapid changes in, and higher magnitudes of aberrations across the visual field than mild keratoconics. The dominant higher-order aberration for the keratoconics across the visual field was vertical coma.

Impact and interest:

12 citations in Scopus
7 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 38323
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Coma, Keratoconus, Peripheral Aberrations, Visual field
DOI: 10.1167/iovs.10-5188
ISSN: 1552-5783
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Optometry & Vision Science
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
Deposited On: 04 Nov 2010 22:23
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 14:27

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