The relationship between deformity correction and clinical outcomes after thoracoscopic scoliosis surgery : a prospective series of one hundred patients

Izatt, Maree T., Adam, Clayton J., Labrom, Robert D., & Askin, Geoffrey N. (2010) The relationship between deformity correction and clinical outcomes after thoracoscopic scoliosis surgery : a prospective series of one hundred patients. Spine, 35(26), E1577-E1585.

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Abstract

Prospective clinical case series of 100 patients receiving thoracoscopic anterior scoliosis correction surgery. The objective was to evaluate the relationship between clinical outcomes of thoracoscopic anterior scoliosis surgery and deformity correction using the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) outcomes instrument questionnaire. The surgical treatment of scoliosis is quantitatively assessed in the clinic using radiographic measures of deformity correction, as well as the rib hump, but it is important to understand the extent to which these quantitative measures correlate with self-reported improvements in patients’ quality of life following surgery. A series of 100 consecutive adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients received a single anterior rod via a thoracoscopic approach at the Mater Children’s Hospital, Brisbane, Australia. Patients completed SRS outcomes questionnaires pre-operatively and at 24 months post-operatively. There were 94 females and 6 males with a mean age of 16.1 years. The mean Cobb angle improved from 52º pre-operatively to 25º post-operatively (52%) and the mean rib hump improved from 16º to 8º (51%). The mean total SRS score for the cohort was 99.4/120. None of the deformity related parameters in the multiple regression were significant. However, patients with the lowest post-operative major Cobb angles reported significantly higher SRS scores than those with the highest post-operative Cobb angles, but there was no difference on the basis of rib hump correction. There were no significant differences between patients with either rod fractures or screw-related complications compared to those without complications.

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ID Code: 38405
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: thoracoscopic anterior scoliosis surgery, anterior spinal fusion, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), clinical outcomes
DOI: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181d12627
ISSN: 0362-2436
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300) > Biomechanical Engineering (090302)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > CLINICAL SCIENCES (110300) > Orthopaedics (110314)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Past > Schools > School of Engineering Systems
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Deposited On: 16 Nov 2010 01:06
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 14:23

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