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Validation of the Chinese version of the Problem Areas in Diabetes (PAID-C) scale

Huang, Min-Feng, Courtney, Mary, Edwards, Helen, & McDowell, Jan (2010) Validation of the Chinese version of the Problem Areas in Diabetes (PAID-C) scale. Diabetes Care, 33(1), pp. 38-40.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE To examine the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the Problem Areas In Diabetes (PAID-C) scale.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The reliability and validity of the PAID-C were evaluated in a convenience sample of 205 outpatients with type 2 diabetes. Confirmatory factor analysis, Bland-Altman analysis, and Spearman's correlations facilitated the psychometric evaluation.

RESULTS Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed a one-factor structure of the PAID-C (χ2/df ratio = 1.894, goodness-of-fit index = 0.901, comparative fit index = 0.905, root mean square error of approximation = 0.066). The PAID-C was associated with A1C (rs = 0.15; P < 0.05) and diabetes self-care behaviors in general diet (rs = −0.17; P < 0.05) and exercise (rs = −0.17; P < 0.05). The 4-week test-retest reliability demonstrated satisfactory stability (rs = 0.83; P < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS The PAID-C is a reliable and valid measure to determine diabetes-related emotional distress in Chinese people with type 2 diabetes.

Impact and interest:

7 citations in Scopus
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5 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 38477
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: PAID-C, Chinese version of the Problem Areas In Diabetes scale
DOI: 10.2337/dc09-0768
ISSN: 0149-5992
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NURSING (111000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Nursing
Deposited On: 15 Nov 2010 09:40
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:16

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