Settlement geography of African refugee communities in Southeast Queensland : an analysis of residential distribution and secondary migration

Harte, Elizabeth Wendy (2010) Settlement geography of African refugee communities in Southeast Queensland : an analysis of residential distribution and secondary migration. PhD thesis, Queensland University of Technology.

Abstract

Before 2001, most Africans immigrating to Australia were white South Africans and Zimbabweans who arrived as economic and family-reunion migrants (Cox, Cooper & Adepoju, 1999). Black African communities are a more recent addition to the Australian landscape, with most entering Australia as refugees after 2001. African refugees are a particularly disadvantaged immigrant group, which the Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs (in the Community Relations Commission of New South Wales, 2006) suggests require high levels of settlement support (p.23). Decision makers and settlement service providers need to have settlement data on the communities so that they can be effective in planning, budgeting and delivering support where it is most needed. Settlement data are also useful for determining the challenges that these communities face in trying to establish themselves in resettlement. There has been no verification of existing secondary data sources, however, or previous formal study of African refugee settlement geography in Southeast Queensland. This research addresses the knowledge gap by using a mixed-method approach to identify and describe the distribution and population size of eight African communities in Southeast Queensland, examine secondary migration patterns in these communities and assess the relationship between these geographic features and housing, a critical factor in successful settlement. Significant discrepancies exist between the primary data gathered in the study and existing secondary data relating to population size and distribution of the communities. Results also reveal a tension between the socio-cultural forces and the housing and economic imperatives driving secondary migration in the communities, and a general lack of engagement by African refugees with structured support networks. These findings have a wide range of implications for policy and for groups that provide settlement support to these communities.

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ID Code: 38622
Item Type: QUT Thesis (PhD)
Supervisor: Childs, Iraphne & Hastings, Peter
Keywords: African refugees, settlement geography, residential concentration, secondary migration, Southeast Queensland, refugee housing, social networks, ethnic network
Institution: Queensland University of Technology
Deposited On: 17 Nov 2010 05:03
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2011 20:00

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