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Quantification of the relationship between Fuser Roller Temperature and Laser Printer Emissions

He, Congrong, Morawska, Lidia, Wang, Hao, Jayaratne, Rohan, McGarry, Peter D., Johnson, Graham R., Bostrom, Thor E., Gonthier, Julien, Authemayou, Stephane, & Ayoko, Godwin A. (2010) Quantification of the relationship between Fuser Roller Temperature and Laser Printer Emissions. Journal of Aerosol Science, 41(6), pp. 523-530.

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Abstract

Recently published studies not only demonstrated that laser printers are often significant sources of ultrafine particles, but they also shed light on particle formation mechanisms. While the role of fuser roller temperature as a factor affecting particle formation rate has been postulated, its impact has never been quantified. To address this gap in knowledge, this study measured emissions from 30 laser printers in chamber using a standardized printing sequence, as well as monitoring fuser roller temperature. Based on a simplified mass balance equation, the average emission rates of particle number, PM2.5 and O3 were calculated. The results showed that: almost all printers were found to be high particle number emitters (i.e. > 1.01×1010 particles/min); colour printing generated more PM2.5 than monochrome printing; and all printers generated significant amounts of O3. Particle number emissions varied significantly during printing and followed the cycle of fuser roller temperature variation, which points to temperature being the strongest factor controlling emissions. For two sub-groups of printers using the same technology (heating lamps), systematic positive correlations, in the form of a power law, were found between average particle number emission rate and average roller temperature. Other factors, such as fuser material and structure, are also thought to play a role, since no such correlation was found for the remaining two sub-groups of printers using heating lamps, or for the printers using heating strips. In addition, O3 and total PM2.5 were not found to be statistically correlated with fuser temperature.

Impact and interest:

18 citations in Scopus
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13 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 38666
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Ultrafine Particles, Particle Number, Particle Emissions, PM2.5, O3
DOI: 10.1016/j.jaerosci.2010.02.015
ISSN: 00218502
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EARTH SCIENCES (040000) > ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES (040100) > Atmospheric Aerosols (040101)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > TECHNOLOGY (100000) > OTHER TECHNOLOGY (109900) > Technology not elsewhere classified (109999)
Divisions: Past > Schools > Chemistry
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Past > Schools > Physics
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 Elsevier
Deposited On: 19 Nov 2010 13:09
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:25

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