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Critical analysis of high particle number emissions from accelerating compressed natural gas buses

Jayaratne, Rohan, Meyer, Nickolas K., Ristovski, Zoran, Morawska, Lidia, & Miljevic, Branka (2010) Critical analysis of high particle number emissions from accelerating compressed natural gas buses. Environmental Science and Technology, 44(10), pp. 3724-3731.

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Abstract

Compressed natural gas (CNG) engines are thought to be less harmful to the environment than conventional diesel engines, especially in terms of particle emissions. Although, this is true with respect to particulate matter (PM) emissions, results of particle number (PN) emission comparisons have been inconclusive. In this study, results of on-road and dynamometer studies of buses were used to derive several important conclusions. We show that, although PN emissions from CNG buses are significantly lower than from diesel buses at low engine power, they become comparable at high power. For diesel buses, PN emissions are not significantly different between acceleration and operation at steady maximum power. However, the corresponding PN emissions from CNG buses when accelerating are an order of magnitude greater than when operating at steady maximum power. During acceleration under heavy load, PN emissions from CNG buses are an order of magnitude higher than from diesel buses. The particles emitted from CNG buses are too small to contribute to PM10 emissions or contribute to a reduction of visibility, and may consist of semivolatile nanoparticles.

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8 citations in Scopus
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5 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 38667
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: This article is freely available from the American Chemical Society website 12 months after the publication date. See links to publisher website in this record.
Keywords: Vehicle Emissions, Particle Number Emissions, Diesel, CNG
DOI: 10.1021/es1003186
ISSN: 1520-5851
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EARTH SCIENCES (040000) > ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES (040100) > Atmospheric Aerosols (040101)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EARTH SCIENCES (040000) > ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES (040100) > Atmospheric Sciences not elsewhere classified (040199)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Past > Schools > Physics
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 American Chemical Society
Deposited On: 19 Nov 2010 12:47
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 10:05

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