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Trauma, Post-Migration Living Difficulties, and Social Support as Predictors of Psychological Adjustment in Resettled Sudanese Refugees

Schweitzer, Robert, Melville, Fritha, Steel, Zachary, & Lacherez, Philippe F. (2006) Trauma, Post-Migration Living Difficulties, and Social Support as Predictors of Psychological Adjustment in Resettled Sudanese Refugees. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 40(2), pp. 179-187.

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Abstract

Objective: Explores the impact of pre-migration trauma, post-migration living difficulties and social support on the current mental health of 63 resettled Sudanese refugees. Method: A semi structured interview including questionnaires assessing socio demographic information, pre-migration trauma, anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress, post-migration living difficulties and perceived social support were administered assisted by a bilingual community worker. Results: Resettled refugees from Sudan evidenced a history of trauma. Less than 5% met criteria for post-traumatic stress but 25% reported clinically high levels of psychological distress. The results indicate that social support – particularly perceived social support from the migrant’s ethnic community – play a significant role in predicting mental health outcomes. Pre-migration trauma, family status, and gender were also associated with mental health outcomes. Conclusions: Refugees in Australia may constitute a particularly vulnerable group in terms of mental health outcomes. Culturally specific sequelae in terms of social isolation and acculturation may be particularly problematic for these migrants.

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ID Code: 3879
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: refugees, social support, post, migration living difficulties, trauma, Australia
DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1614.2006.01766.x
ISSN: 0004-8674
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Health Clinical and Counselling Psychology (170106)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Social Change Research
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > QUT Carseldine - Humanities & Human Services
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2006 Blackwell Publishing
Copyright Statement: The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
Deposited On: 14 Jun 2006
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:27

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