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Vectors and alternative hosts of tobacco yellow dwarf virus in southeastern Australia

Trebicki, Piotr, Harding, Robert, Rodoni, Brendan, Baxter, Gary, & Powell, Kevin (2010) Vectors and alternative hosts of tobacco yellow dwarf virus in southeastern Australia. Annals of Applied Biology, 157, pp. 13-24.

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Abstract

Factors that determine the epidemiology of Tobacco yellow dwarf virus (TbYDV), including alternative host plants and insect vector(s), were assessed over three consecutive growing seasons at four field sites in Northeastern Victoria in commercial tobacco growing properties. In addition, these factors were assessed for one growing season at three bean growing properties. Overall, 23 leafhopper species were identified at the 7 sites, with Orosius orientalis as the predominant leafhopper. Of the leafhoppers collected, only O. orientalis and Anzygina zealandica tested positive for TbYDV by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The population dynamics of O. orientalis was assessed using sweep net sampling over three growing seasons and a trimodal distribution was observed. Despite large numbers of O. orientalis occurring early in the growing season (September–October), TbYDV was only detected in these leafhoppers between late November and end of January. The peaks in the detection of TbYDV in O. orientalis correlated with the observation of disease symptoms in tobacco and bean and were associated with warmer temperatures and lower rainfall. Spatial and temporal distribution of vegetation at selected sites was determined using quadrat sampling. Of the 40 plant species identified, TbYDV was detected only in four dicotyledonous species, Amaranthus retroflexus, Phaseolus vulgaris, Nicotiana tabacum and Raphanus raphanistrum. The proportion of host and non-host availability for leafhoppers was associated with climatic conditions.

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6 citations in Scopus
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6 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 39036
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Geminiviridae, Orosius orientalis, Nicotiana tabacum, leafhopper
DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7348.2010.00405.x
ISSN: 1744-7348
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES (070000) > CROP AND PASTURE PRODUCTION (070300) > Crop and Pasture Protection (Pests Diseases and Weeds) (070308)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Tropical Crops and Biocommodities
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Deposited On: 07 Dec 2010 12:27
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:16

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