Agglutinins from marine macroalgae of the southeastern United States
Bird, K.T., Chiles, T.C., Longley, R.E., Kendrick, A.F., & Kinkema, M.D. (1993) Agglutinins from marine macroalgae of the southeastern United States. Journal of Applied Phycology, 5(2), pp. 213-218.
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Protein extracts from 22 species of marine macroalgae from Florida and North Carolina were compared for their abilities to agglutinate sheep and rabbit erythrocytes. Protein extracts from 21 algal species agglutinated rabbit erythrocytes compared to 19 for sheep erythrocytes. However, agglutination by brown algal extracts was variable. The agglutination produced by protein extracts from Dictyota dichotoma could be blocked by addition of polyvinylpyrrolidone. Protein extracts from North Carolina macroalgae were also tested against five bacterial species. Three of these agglutinated bacterial cells. Ulva curvata and Bryopsis plumosa agglutinated all five species. Protein extracts from five species of Florida algae were tested for their effects on mitogenesis in mouse splenocytes and human lymphocytes. Gracilaria tikvahiae HBOI Strain G-5, Ulva rigida and Gracilaria verrucosa HBOI Strain G-16S stimulated mitogenesis in mouse splenocytes, while Gracilaria tikvahiae HBOI Strain G-16stimulated mitogenesis in human lymphocytes.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||algae, agglutinin, lectin|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000) > PLANT BIOLOGY (060700) > Phycology (incl. Marine Grasses) (060701)|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 1993 Kluwer Academic Publishers|
|Deposited On:||09 Dec 2010 03:37|
|Last Modified:||10 Aug 2011 15:43|
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