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Safety in occupational driving : development of a driver behaviour scale for the workplace context

Newnam, Sharon, Greenslade, Jaimi H. , Newton, Cameron J., & Watson, Barry (2011) Safety in occupational driving : development of a driver behaviour scale for the workplace context. Applied Psychology : An International Review, 60(4), pp. 576-599.

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Abstract

International statistics indicate that occupational, or work-related driving, crashes are the most common cause of workplace injury, death, and absence from work. The majority of research examining unsafe driver behavior in the workplace has relied on general road safety questionnaires. However, past research has failed to consider the organizational context in the use of these questionnaires, and as such, there is ambiguity in the dimensions constituting occupational driving. Using a theoretical model developed by Hockey (1993, 1997), this article proposes and validates a new scale of occupational driver behavior. This scale incorporates four dimensions of driver behavior that are influenced by demanding workplace conditions; speeding, rule violation, inattention, and driving while tired. Following a content validation process, three samples of occupational drivers in Australia were used to assess the scale. Data from the first sample (n=145) were used to reduce the number of scale items and provide an assessment of the factorial validity of the scale. Data from the second sample (n=645) were then used to confirm the factor structure and psychometric properties of the scale including reliability and construct validity. Finally, data from the third sample (n=248) were used to establish criterion validity. The results indicated that the scale is a reliable and valid measure of occupational driver behavior.

Impact and interest:

5 citations in Scopus
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3 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 39162
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: occupational driving, work-related driving, fleet safety, scale development, work overload
DOI: 10.1111/j.1464-0597.2011.00448.x
ISSN: 0269-994X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Industrial and Organisational Psychology (170107)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Management
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Deposited On: 13 Dec 2010 13:29
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2011 08:01

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