Population-based survival estimates for childhood cancer in Australia during the period 1997–2006

Baade, P D, Youlden, D R, Valery, P C, Hassall, T, Ward, L, Green, A C, & Aitken, J F (2010) Population-based survival estimates for childhood cancer in Australia during the period 1997–2006. British Journal of Cancer, 103(11), pp. 1663-1670.

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Background: This study provides the latest available relative survival data for Australian childhood cancer patients. Methods: Data from the population-based Australian Paediatric Cancer Registry were used to describe relative survival outcomes using the period method for 11 903 children diagnosed with cancer between 1983 and 2006 and prevalent at any time between 1997 and 2006. Results: The overall relative survival was 90.4% after 1 year, 79.5% after 5 years and 74.7% after 20 years. Where information onstage at diagnosis was available (lymphomas, neuroblastoma, renal tumours and rhabdomyosarcomas), survival was significantly poorer for more-advanced stage. Survival was lower among infants compared with other children for those diagnosed with leukaemia, tumours of the central nervous system and renal tumours but higher for neuroblastoma. Recent improvements in overall childhood cancer survival over time are mainly because of improvements among leukaemia patients. Conclusion: The high and improving survival prognosis for children diagnosed with cancer in Australia is consistent with various international estimates. However, a 5-year survival estimate of 79% still means that many children who are diagnosed with cancer will die within 5 years, whereas others have long-term health morbidities and complications associated with their treatments. It is hoped that continued developments in treatment protocols will result in further improvements in survival.

Impact and interest:

32 citations in Scopus
27 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 39175
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: cancer survival, paediatric, childhood, population-based, leukaemia, lymphoma
DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6605985
ISSN: 0007-0920
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 Cancer Research UK
Deposited On: 14 Dec 2010 02:58
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2017 14:42

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