Interventions for preventing and managing aggressive patients admitted to an acute hospital setting: A systematic review

Kynoch, Kate, Wu, Chiung-Jung, & Chang, Anne M. (2011) Interventions for preventing and managing aggressive patients admitted to an acute hospital setting: A systematic review. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 8(2), pp. 76-86.

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Background: Violence in health care has been widely reported and health care workers, particularly nurses in acute care settings, are ill-equipped to manage patients who exhibit aggressive traits.

Aim: The aim of this systematic review was to establish best practice in the prevention and management of aggressive behaviours in patients admitted to acute hospital settings.

Data Sources: An extensive search of the major databases was conducted from 1990 to 2007. The search included published and unpublished studies and papers in English.

Review Methods: This review considered any quantitative research study design that evaluated the effectiveness of interventions in the prevention and management of patients who exhibit aggressive behaviours in an acute hospital setting. Each included study was quality assessed by two independent reviewers and data were extracted using the relevant tools developed by the Joanna Briggs Institute.

Results: Ten studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. The evidence identified from the studies includes: the benefit of education and training of acute care nurses in aggression management techniques; use of “as required” medications is effective in minimising harm to patients and staff; and that specific interventions such as physical restraint may play a role in managing aggressive behaviours from patients in the acute care setting.

Conclusions: This review makes several recommendations for the prevention and management of aggressive behaviours in acute hospital patients. However, due to the lack of high-quality studies conducted in the acute care setting there is huge scope for future research in this area.

Impact and interest:

13 citations in Scopus
17 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 39207
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Violence, Patient Assault, Workplace Violence, Aggression, Abuse, Systematic Review, Literature Review
DOI: 10.1111/j.1741-6787.2010.00206.x
ISSN: 1545-102X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NURSING (111000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 Sigma Theta Tau International
Deposited On: 15 Dec 2010 02:09
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2017 14:41

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