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Mid-Infrared and Infrared Emission Spectroscopy of Cu-Exchanged Montmorillonite

Kloprogge, J. Theo, Mahmutagic, Emir, & Frost, Ray L. (2006) Mid-Infrared and Infrared Emission Spectroscopy of Cu-Exchanged Montmorillonite. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 296(2), pp. 640-646.

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Abstract

Middle Infrared Spectroscopy (Mid-IR) and Infrared Emission Spectroscopy (IES) were employed to characterise Cu-exchanged montmorillonites, which were derived from two different types of montmorillonite clays, Ca-exchanged montmorillonite (Cheto clay) and Na-exchanged montmorillonite (Miles clay). Copper was exchanged under both acidic and basic conditions at different Cu / clay ratios. All Cu-exchanged montmorillonites experienced a shift in most of non-lattice bands, with hydroxyl bands playing a major role in the characterisation of the clays. Furthermore, a relationship between the ratio of bands at 3630 and 3500 cm-1 and the Cu-concentration of the starting solutions was indicated and used to compare the degree of cation exchange between two preparation methods. Two dehydration stages were observed in the IES experiments. Additional bands were observed in all Cu-exchanged montmorillonites prepared with the ‘basic conditions method’, and these bands were assigned to ammonia molecules trapped within the clay structure or absorbed on the surface of the clay.

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ID Code: 3934
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: infrared spectroscopy, infrared emission spectroscopy, montmorillonite, wet oxidation
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2005.09.055
ISSN: 0021-9797
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY (030100) > Instrumental Methods (excl. Immunological and Bioassay Methods) (030105)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2006 Elselvier
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Deposited On: 24 Apr 2006
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:26

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