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Caveat Anicula! Beware of the Quiet Little Old Ladies : Demographics, Pharmacotherapy, Survival and Readmissions in a 10 Year Cohort of Heart Failure Patients with Preserved Systolic Function

Wong, Dennis. T., Clark, Robyn. A., Dundon, Benjamin. K., Philpott, Andrew., Molaee, Payman., & Shakib, Sepehr. (2010) Caveat Anicula! Beware of the Quiet Little Old Ladies : Demographics, Pharmacotherapy, Survival and Readmissions in a 10 Year Cohort of Heart Failure Patients with Preserved Systolic Function. Medical Journal of Australia, 192(1), pp. 9-13.

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Abstract

Objective--To determine whether heart failure with preserved systolic function (HFPSF) has different natural history from left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD). Design and setting--A retrospective analysis of 10 years of data (for patients admitted between 1 July 1994 and 30 June 2004, and with a study census date of 30 June 2005) routinely collected as part of clinical practice in a large tertiary referral hospital.Main outcome measures-- Sociodemographic characteristics, diagnostic features, comorbid conditions, pharmacotherapies, readmission rates and survival.Results--Of the 2961 patients admitted with chronic heart failure, 753 had echocardiograms available for this analysis. Of these, 189 (25%) had normal left ventricular size and systolic function. In comparison to patients with LVSD, those with HFPSF were more often female (62.4% v 38.5%; P = 0.001), had less social support, and were more likely to live in nursing homes (17.9% v 7.6%; P < 0.001), and had a greater prevalence of renal impairment (86.7% v 6.2%; P = 0.004), anaemia (34.3% v 6.3%; P = 0.013) and atrial fibrillation (51.3% v 47.1%; P = 0.008), but significantly less ischaemic heart disease (53.4% v 81.2%; P = 0.001). Patients with HFPSF were less likely to be prescribed an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (61.9% v 72.5%; P = 0.008); carvedilol was used more frequently in LVSD (1.5% v 8.8%; P < 0.001). Readmission rates were higher in the HFPSF group (median, 2 v 1.5 admissions; P = 0.032), particularly for malignancy (4.2% v 1.8%; P < 0.001) and anaemia (3.9% v 2.3%; P < 0.001). Both groups had the same poor survival rate (P = 0.912). Conclusions--Patients with HFPSF were predominantly older women with less social support and higher readmission rates for associated comorbid illnesses. We therefore propose that reduced survival in HFPSF may relate more to comorbid conditions than suboptimal cardiac management.

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ID Code: 39391
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Sepehr Shakib and Robyn Clark are alumni of the National Institute of Clinical Studies. Benjamin Dundon was supported by a Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand post-graduate research scholarship (2007) and a National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/National Heart Foundation of Australia (NHFA) co-funded postgraduate research scholarship 2008–2009. Payman Molaee was supported by an NHMRC/NHFA cofunded post-graduate research scholarship 2008–2009.
Keywords: Heart failure, Women, Demographics, Pharmacotherapy, Outcomes
ISSN: 0025-729X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE AND HAEMATOLOGY (110200)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE AND HAEMATOLOGY (110200) > Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases) (110201)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NURSING (111000)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Nursing
Funding:
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 The Medical Journal of Australia
Deposited On: 04 Jan 2011 16:03
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2014 18:55

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