Near infrared for non-destructive testing of articular cartilage
Afara, Isaac O., Sahama, Tony R., & Oloyede, Adekunle (2013) Near infrared for non-destructive testing of articular cartilage. In Nondestructive Testing of Materials and Structures: Proceedings of NDTMS-2011 [RILEM Bookseries, 2013, Volume 6], Springer , Istanbul, Turkey, pp. 399-404.
The concept of non-destructive testing (NDT) of materials and structures is of immense importance in engineering and medicine. Several NDT methods including electromagnetic (EM)-based e.g. X-ray and Infrared; ultrasound; and S-waves have been proposed for medical applications. This paper evaluates the viability of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy, an EM method for rapid non-destructive evaluation of articular cartilage. Specifically, we tested the hypothesis that there is a correlation between the NIR spectrum and the physical and mechanical characteristics of articular cartilage such as thickness, stress and stiffness. Intact, visually normal cartilage-on-bone plugs from 2-3yr old bovine patellae were exposed to NIR light from a diffuse reflectance fibre-optic probe and tested mechanically to obtain their thickness, stress, and stiffness. Multivariate statistical analysis-based predictive models relating articular cartilage NIR spectra to these characterising parameters were developed. Our results show that there is a varying degree of correlation between the different parameters and the NIR spectra of the samples with R2 varying between 65 and 93%. We therefore conclude that NIR can be used to determine, nondestructively, the physical and functional characteristics of articular cartilage.
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|Item Type:||Conference Paper|
|Keywords:||Near infrared, articular cartilage|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300) > Medical Devices (090304)|
|Divisions:||Past > Schools > Computer Science|
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Past > Institutes > Information Security Institute
Past > Schools > School of Engineering Systems
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2013 the authors|
|Deposited On:||31 Jan 2011 08:52|
|Last Modified:||19 Apr 2013 07:59|
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