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Near infrared for non-destructive testing of articular cartilage

Afara, Isaac O., Sahama, Tony R., & Oloyede, Adekunle (2013) Near infrared for non-destructive testing of articular cartilage. In Nondestructive Testing of Materials and Structures: Proceedings of NDTMS-2011 [RILEM Bookseries, 2013, Volume 6], Springer , Istanbul, Turkey, pp. 399-404.

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Abstract

The concept of non-destructive testing (NDT) of materials and structures is of immense importance in engineering and medicine. Several NDT methods including electromagnetic (EM)-based e.g. X-ray and Infrared; ultrasound; and S-waves have been proposed for medical applications. This paper evaluates the viability of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy, an EM method for rapid non-destructive evaluation of articular cartilage. Specifically, we tested the hypothesis that there is a correlation between the NIR spectrum and the physical and mechanical characteristics of articular cartilage such as thickness, stress and stiffness. Intact, visually normal cartilage-on-bone plugs from 2-3yr old bovine patellae were exposed to NIR light from a diffuse reflectance fibre-optic probe and tested mechanically to obtain their thickness, stress, and stiffness. Multivariate statistical analysis-based predictive models relating articular cartilage NIR spectra to these characterising parameters were developed. Our results show that there is a varying degree of correlation between the different parameters and the NIR spectra of the samples with R2 varying between 65 and 93%. We therefore conclude that NIR can be used to determine, nondestructively, the physical and functional characteristics of articular cartilage.

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ID Code: 39750
Item Type: Conference Paper
Keywords: Near infrared, articular cartilage
DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-0723-8_58
ISBN: 978-94-007-0722-1
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300) > Medical Devices (090304)
Divisions: Past > Schools > Computer Science
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Past > Institutes > Information Security Institute
Past > Schools > School of Engineering Systems
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 the authors
Deposited On: 31 Jan 2011 08:52
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2013 07:59

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