Survey of Viruses Affecting Faba Bean in Six Arab Countries

Makkouk, K.M., Bos, L., Azzam, O.I., Koumari, S., & RizkaUab, A. (1988) Survey of Viruses Affecting Faba Bean in Six Arab Countries. Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 6, pp. 53-61.

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A field survey of faba bean (Vicia [aba L.) for viruses in six Arab countries showed the presence of nine viruses. Bean leaf roll virus (BLRV), bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV), broad bean mottle virus (BBMV) and to a lesser extent broad bean stain virus (BBSV) were the most common. When testing with ELISA 789 samples with symptoms suggestive of virus infection collected from Egypt, Lebanon, Morocco, Sudan, Syria and Tunisia, BBMV was detected in 203 samples, BBSV in 151, broad bean true mosaic virus (BBTMV) in 7, broad bean wilt virus (BBWV) in 47, BYMV in 314, cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) in 96, pea enation mosaic virus (PEMV) in 31, and pea seed-borne mosaic virus (PSbMV) in 49 samples. Identity of selected field isolates was confirmed by electron microscopy and host reaction studies. In a yield experiment, infection with BYMV, BBMV and BBSV 11 weeks after sowing (pre-flowering) led to 81, 54 and 84% yield loss, respectively. Inoculation with the same viruses 15 weeks after sowing (flowering) and 20 weeks after sowing (pod setting) led to 56, 84 and 18%, and 39, 37 and 18% yield loss, respectively.

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ID Code: 39792
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Survey, Faba bean, Arab countries, Viruses, Jefferson, Osmat, Ossmat, Azzam
ISSN: 0255-982X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES (070000) > HORTICULTURAL PRODUCTION (070600)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1988 Please consult the authors.
Deposited On: 06 Apr 2011 23:15
Last Modified: 25 Dec 2012 23:35

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