Executive function effects and numerical development in children : behavioural and ERP evidence from a numerical Stroop paradigm

Soltesz, Fruzsina, Goswami, Usha, White, Sonia, & Szucs, Denes (2011) Executive function effects and numerical development in children : behavioural and ERP evidence from a numerical Stroop paradigm. Learning and Individual Differences, 21(6), pp. 662-671.

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Most research on numerical development in children is behavioural, focusing on accuracy and response time in different problem formats. However, Temple and Posner (1998) used ERPs and the numerical distance task with 5-year-olds to show that the development of numerical representations is difficult to disentangle from the development of the executive components of response organization and execution. Here we use the numerical Stroop paradigm (NSP) and ERPs to study possible executive interference in numerical processing tasks in 6–8-year-old children. In the NSP, the numerical magnitude of the digits is task-relevant and the physical size of the digits is task-irrelevant. We show that younger children are highly susceptible to interference from irrelevant physical information such as digit size, but that access to the numerical representation is almost as fast in young children as in adults. We argue that the developmental trajectories for executive function and numerical processing may act together to determine numerical development in young children.

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11 citations in Scopus
11 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 39900
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Development; Numerical representation; Executive functions; Event-related potentials; Numerical Stroop paradigm
DOI: 10.1016/j.lindif.2010.10.004
ISSN: 1041-6080
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EDUCATION (130000) > OTHER EDUCATION (139900)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Education
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2011 Elsevier
Deposited On: 04 Feb 2011 01:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 14:24

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