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Sodium niobate adsorbents doped with tantalum (TaV) for the removal of bivalence radioactive ions in waste waters

Frost, Ray L., Blain, Paul, Martens, Wayde N., & Yang, Dongjiang (2011) Sodium niobate adsorbents doped with tantalum (TaV) for the removal of bivalence radioactive ions in waste waters. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 356(1), pp. 240-247.

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Abstract

Sodium niobates doped with different amount of tantalum (TaV) were prepared via thermal reaction process. It was found pure nanofibril and bar-like solids can be obtained when tantalum was introduced into the reaction system. For the well-crystallized fibril solids, the Na+ ions are difficult to be exchanged, and the radioactive ions such as Sr2+ and Ra2+ ions just deposit on the surface of the fibers during the sorption process, resulting in lower sorption capacity and distribution coefficients (Kd)`. However, the bar-like solids are poorly-crystallized and have lots of exchangeable Na+ ions. They are able to remove highly hazardous bivalent radioactive isotopes such as Sr2+ and Ra2+ ions. Even in the presence of lots of Na+ ions, they also have higher Kd. More importantly, such sorption finally intelligently triggers considerable collapse of the structure, resulting in the entrapment of the toxic bivalent cations permanently in the solids so that they can be safely disposed. This study highlights new opportunities for the preparation of Nb-based adsorbents to efficiently remove the toxic radioactive ions from contaminated water.

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ID Code: 40004
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: niobate, adsorption of radioactive divalent cations
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2010.11.074
ISSN: 0021-9797
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600) > Colloid and Surface Chemistry (030603)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600) > Structural Chemistry and Spectroscopy (030606)
Divisions: Past > Schools > Chemistry
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2011 Elsevier
Deposited On: 11 Feb 2011 08:51
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2011 16:16

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