Mathematical modelling of chronic wound healing

Flegg, Jennifer Anne (2009) Mathematical modelling of chronic wound healing. PhD by Publication, Queensland University of Technology.

Abstract

Chronicwounds fail to proceed through an orderly process to produce anatomic and functional integrity and are a significant socioeconomic problem. There is much debate about the best way to treat these wounds. In this thesis we review earlier mathematical models of angiogenesis and wound healing. Many of these models assume a chemotactic response of endothelial cells, the primary cell type involved in angiogenesis. Modelling this chemotactic response leads to a system of advection-dominated partial differential equations and we review numerical methods to solve these equations and argue that the finite volume method with flux limiting is best-suited to these problems. One treatment of chronic wounds that is shrouded with controversy is hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT). There is currently no conclusive data showing that HBOT can assist chronic wound healing, but there has been some clinical success. In this thesis we use several mathematical models of wound healing to investigate the use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy to assist the healing process - a novel threespecies model and a more complex six-species model. The second model accounts formore of the biological phenomena but does not lend itself tomathematical analysis. Bothmodels are then used tomake predictions about the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen therapy and the optimal treatment protocol. Based on our modelling, we are able to make several predictions including that intermittent HBOT will assist chronic wound healing while normobaric oxygen is ineffective in treating such wounds, treatment should continue until healing is complete and finding the right protocol for an individual patient is crucial if HBOT is to be effective. Analysis of the models allows us to derive constraints for the range of HBOT protocols that will stimulate healing, which enables us to predict which patients are more likely to have a positive response to HBOT and thus has the potential to assist in improving both the success rate and thus the cost-effectiveness of this therapy.

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ID Code: 40164
Item Type: QUT Thesis (PhD by Publication)
Supervisor: McElwain, Donald, Pettet, Graeme, & Turner, Ian
Keywords: continuumreaction-diffusion equations, mathematical biology, finite volumemethod, advection-dominated, partial differential equation, numerical simulation, diabetes
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Past > Schools > Mathematical Sciences
Institution: Queensland University of Technology
Deposited On: 16 Feb 2011 04:27
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2011 20:01

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