Cognitive processes and strategies employed by children to learn spatial representations

Pillay, Hitendra K. (1998) Cognitive processes and strategies employed by children to learn spatial representations. Learning and Instruction, 8(1), pp. 1-18.

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Children often have difficulties in learning spatial representations. This study investigated the effect of four different instructional formats on learning outcomes and strategies used when dealing with spatial tasks such as assembly procedures. It was hypothesised that instructional material that imposed least extraneous cognitive load would facilitate enhanced learning. Forty secondary students were presented with four types of instruction; orthographic drawing, isometric drawing, physical model and, isometric and physical model together. The findings provide evidence to suggest that working from physical models caused least extraneous cognitive load compared to the isometric and orthographic groups. The model group took less time, had more correctly completed models, required fewer extra looks, spent less time studying the instruction and made fewer errors. Problem decomposition, forward working and attending to information in the foreground of the graphical representation strategies were analysed.

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13 citations in Scopus
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7 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 40298
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1016/S0959-4752(97)00030-3
ISSN: 0959-4752
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Cultural & Professional Learning
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Education
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1998 Pergamon.
Deposited On: 14 Mar 2011 01:52
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2013 08:22

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