How automated speed enforcement may reduce travel time variability and result in travel time savings : the case study of the loop 101 speed enforcement program in Scottsdale, Arizona
Shin, Kangwon, Washington, Simon, & Choi, Keechoo (2011) How automated speed enforcement may reduce travel time variability and result in travel time savings : the case study of the loop 101 speed enforcement program in Scottsdale, Arizona. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 15(1), pp. 167-174.
The city of Scottsdale Arizona implemented the first fixed photo Speed Enforcement camera demonstration Program (SEP) on a US freeway in 2006. A comprehensive before-and-after analysis of the impact of the SEP on safety revealed significant reductions in crash frequency and severity, which indicates that the SEP is a promising countermeasure for improving safety. However, there is often a trade off between safety and mobility when safety investments are considered. As a result, identifying safety countermeasures that both improve safety and reduce Travel Time Variability (TTV) is a desirable goal for traffic safety engineers. This paper reports on the analysis of the mobility impacts of the SEP by simulating the traffic network with and without the SEP, calibrated to real world conditions. The simulation results show that the SEP decreased the TTV: the risk of unreliable travel was at least 23% higher in the ‘without SEP’ scenario than in the ‘with SEP’ scenario. In addition, the total Travel Time Savings (TTS) from the SEP was estimated to be at least ‘569 vehicle-hours/year.’ Consequently, the SEP is an efficient countermeasure not only for reducing crashes but also for improving mobility through TTS and reduced TTV.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||photo enforcement, travel time savings, safety, microscopic simulation|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500)|
|Divisions:||Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2011 Springer|
|Copyright Statement:||The original publication is available at SpringerLink http://www.springerlink.com|
|Deposited On:||07 Mar 2011 21:58|
|Last Modified:||10 Aug 2011 17:26|
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