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Negative mood, implicit alcohol-related memory, and alcohol use in young adults: The moderating effect of alcohol expectancy

Kelly, Adrian B. , Masterman, Paul W. , & Young, Ross McD. (2011) Negative mood, implicit alcohol-related memory, and alcohol use in young adults: The moderating effect of alcohol expectancy. Addictive Behaviors, 36(1-2), pp. 148-151.

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Abstract

Objective Alcohol-related implicit (preconscious) cognitive processes are established and unique predictors of alcohol use, but most research in this area has focused on alcohol-related implicit cognition and anxiety. This study extends this work into the area of depressed mood by testing a cognitive model that combines traditional explicit (conscious and considered) beliefs, implicit alcohol-related memory associations (AMAs), and self-reported drinking behavior. Method Using a sample of 106 university students, depressed mood was manipulated using a musical mood induction procedure immediately prior to completion of implicit then explicit alcohol-related cognition measures. A bootstrapped two-group (weak/strong expectancies of negative affect and tension reduction) structural equation model was used to examine how mood changes and alcohol-related memory associations varied across groups. Results Expectancies of negative affect moderated the association of depressed mood and AMAs, but there was no such association for tension reduction expectancy. Conclusion Subtle mood changes may unconsciously trigger alcohol-related memories in vulnerable individuals. Results have implications for addressing subtle fluctuations in depressed mood among young adults at risk of alcohol problems.

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ID Code: 40583
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Alcohol, Implicit Cognition, Alcohol Expectancy, Mood Manipulation
DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2010.08.025
ISSN: 03064603
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Deposited On: 10 Mar 2011 11:58
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:21

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