Adhesion and dispersion of salmeterol xinofoate from lactose interactive mixtures for inhalation - can surface roughness of carriers determine performance

Islam, Nazrul, Stewart, Peter, Larson, Ian, & Hartley, Patrick (2009) Adhesion and dispersion of salmeterol xinofoate from lactose interactive mixtures for inhalation - can surface roughness of carriers determine performance. In Chemeca 2009 : Engineering our Future : Are We up to the Challenge, 27-30 September, 2009, Perth, W. A.

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The objective was to understand the influence of the surface roughness of lactose carriers on the adhesion and dispersion of salmeterol xinafoate (SX) from interactive mixtures. The surface roughness of lactose carriers was determined by confocal microscopy. Particle images and adhesion forces between SX and lactose particles were determined by Atomic Force Microscopy. The dispersion of SX (2.5%) from interactive mixtures with lactose was determined using a twin-stage impinger (TSI) with a Rotahaler® at an airflow rate of 60L/min. SX was analysed using a validated HPLC assay. The RMS Rq of lactose carriers ranged from 0.93-2.84μm, the Fine Particle Fraction (FPF) of SX ranged between 4 and 24 percent and average adhesion force between a SX and lactose particles ranged between 49 and 134 nN. No direct correlation was observed between the RMS Rq of lactose carriers and either the FPF of SX for the interactive mixtures or the adhesion force of a SX on the lactose particles; however, the presence of fine lactose associated with the carrier surface increased the FPF of SX. Dispersion through direct SX detachment from the carrier surface was not consistent with the poor correlations described and was more likely to occur through complex particulate interactions involving fine lactose.

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ID Code: 40720
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PHARMACOLOGY AND PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES (111500) > Pharmaceutical Sciences (111504)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Past > Schools > Pharmacy
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 please consult the author
Deposited On: 14 Mar 2011 05:31
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2015 23:47

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