Adiabatic nano-focusing of plasmons by sharp metallic grooves: Geometrical optics approach

Gramotnev, Dmitri K. (2005) Adiabatic nano-focusing of plasmons by sharp metallic grooves: Geometrical optics approach. Journal of Applied Physics, 98, p. 104302.

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In this paper, we demonstrate the possibility of efficient adiabatic nano-focusing of gap plasmons by sharp metallic V-grooves or dielectric wedges covered with metal. Geomet-rical optics approach and the approximation of continuous electrodynamics are used for the analysis. In particular, it is demonstrated that both the phase and group velocities of an inci-dent symmetric (with respect to the magnetic field) plasmon tend to zero at the tip of the groove, and the plasmon adiabatically slows down, eventually dissipating in the metal. The amplitude of the plasmon strongly increases near the tip of the groove. However, unlike nano-focusing by a sharp metal conical tip, even in the absence of dissipation, the amplitude of the plasmon near the tip of a V-groove remains finite. The dependence of the maximal local field enhancement on structural parameters, dissipation in the metal, angle of incidence, etc. is ana-lyzed. It is also shown that a symmetric gap plasmon can effectively be guided by the groove, forming a channel plasmon-polariton – a special plasmon mode propagating along the tip of a metallic V-groove. A new existence condition for these strongly localized plasmon-polaritons is derived and discussed.

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104 citations in Scopus
102 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 4076
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1063/1.2130520
ISSN: 1089-7550
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PHYSICAL SCIENCES (020000) > CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS (020400) > Condensed Matter Physics not elsewhere classified (020499)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PHYSICAL SCIENCES (020000) > OPTICAL PHYSICS (020500) > Photonics Optoelectronics and Optical Communications (020504)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2005 American Institute of Physics
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Deposited On: 19 Mar 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:16

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