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Obesity screening for young Japanese males and females using skin fold measurements : the classification revisited

Kagawa, Masahuru, Uenishi, Kazuhiro, Mori, Miki, Uchida, Hayato, Kerr, Deborah A., Binns, Colin W., & Hills, Andrew P. (2010) Obesity screening for young Japanese males and females using skin fold measurements : the classification revisited. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 19(2), pp. 289-293.

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Abstract

Anthropometric assessment is a simple, safe, and cost-efficient method to examine the health status of individu-als. The Japanese obesity classification based on the sum of two skin folds (Σ2SF) was proposed nearly 40 years ago therefore its applicability to Japanese living today is unknown. The current study aimed to determine Σ2SF cut-off values that correspond to percent body fat (%BF) and BMI values using two datasets from young Japa-nese adults (233 males and 139 females). Using regression analysis, Σ2SF and height-corrected Σ2SF (HtΣ2SF) values that correspond to %BF of 20, 25, and 30% for males and 30, 35, and 40% for females were determined. In addition, cut-off values of both Σ2SF and HtΣ2SF that correspond to BMI values of 23 kg/m2, 25 kg/m2 and 30 kg/m2 were determined. In comparison with the original Σ2SF values, the proposed values are smaller by about 10 mm at maximum. The proposed values show an improvement in sensitivity from about 25% to above 90% to identify individuals with ≥20% body fat in males and ≥30% body fat in females with high specificity of about 95% in both genders. The results indicate that the original Σ2SF cut-off values to screen obese individuals cannot be applied to young Japanese adults living today and modification is required. Application of the pro-posed values may assist screening in the clinical setting.

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1 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 40787
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Anthropometry, Japanese, Sum of Skin Folds, Obesity, Classification
ISSN: 0964-7058
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (111100)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright HEC Press 2010
Deposited On: 18 Mar 2011 08:02
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:18

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