Molecular structure of Mg-Al, Mn-Al and Zn-Al halotrichites : an infrared spectroscopic study
Palmer, Sara J. & Frost, Ray L. (2011) Molecular structure of Mg-Al, Mn-Al and Zn-Al halotrichites : an infrared spectroscopic study. Spectrochimica Acta Part A : Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 78(5), pp. 1633-1639.
Near infrared (NIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and infrared (IR) spectroscopy have been applied to halotrichites of the formula MgAl2(SO4)4∙22H2O, MnAl2(SO4)4∙22H2O and ZnAl2(SO4)4∙22H2O. Comparison of the halotrichites in different spectral regions has shown that the incorporation of a divalent transition metal into the halotrichite structure causes a shift in OH stretching band positions to lower wavenumbers. Therefore, an increase in hydrogen bonded water is observed for divalent cations with a larger molecular mass. XRD has confirmed the formation of halotrichite for all three samples and characteristic peaks of halotrichite have been identified at 18.5 and 24.5° 2θ, along with a group of six peaks between 5 and 15° 2θ. It has been observed that Mg-Al and Mn-Al halotrichite are very similar in structure, while Zn-Al showed several differences particularly in the NIR spectra. This work has shown that halotrichite structures can be synthesised and characterised by infrared and NIR spectroscopy.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||halotrichite; apjohnite; pickeringite; NIR spectroscopy; infrared spectroscopy|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600) > Structural Chemistry and Spectroscopy (030606)|
|Divisions:||Past > Schools > Chemistry|
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2011 Elsevier|
|Deposited On:||29 Mar 2011 07:33|
|Last Modified:||08 May 2014 02:39|
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