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Examination of gaze behaviors under in situ and video simulation task constraints reveals differences in information pickup for perception and action

Dicks, Matt, Button, Chris, & Davids, Keith W. (2010) Examination of gaze behaviors under in situ and video simulation task constraints reveals differences in information pickup for perception and action. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 72(3), pp. 706-720.

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Abstract

Gaze and movement behaviors of association football goalkeepers were compared under two video simulation conditions (i.e., verbal and joystick movement responses) and three in situ conditions (i.e., verbal, simplified body movement, and interceptive response). The results showed that the goalkeepers spent more time fixating on information from the penalty kick taker’s movements than ball location for all perceptual judgment conditions involving limited movement (i.e., verbal responses, joystick movement, and simplified body movement). In contrast, an equivalent amount of time was spent fixating on the penalty taker’s relative motions and the ball location for the in situ interception condition, which required the goalkeepers to attempt to make penalty saves. The data suggest that gaze and movement behaviors function differently, depending on the experimental task constraints selected for empirical investigations. These findings highlight the need for research on perceptual— motor behaviors to be conducted in representative experimental conditions to allow appropriate generalization of conclusions to performance environments.

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ID Code: 41036
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: This article was written while the first author was supported by the University of Otago Postgraduate Scholarship Award. We are grateful to Nigel Barrett and Gavin Kennedy for providing assistance during the preparation of the experimental materials and the latter for invaluable assistance with development of data analysis software. We also thank the staff of the New Zealand Academy of Sport, South Island, and Otago Rugby for providing access to their training facility and to all participants for their cooperation and involvement in the study. Finally, Joan Vickers and three other anonymous reviewers are acknowledged for their valuable comments on an earlier version of the manuscript. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to M. Dicks, Institute of Cognitive and Team/Racket Sport Research, German Sport University Cologne, Am Sportpark Müngersdorf 6, 50933 Cologne, Germany (e-mail: m.dicks@dshs-koeln.de).
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Keywords: Decision Making, Perception, Action, Affordances, Sport
DOI: 10.3758/APP.72.3.706
ISSN: 1943-3921
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE (110600) > Motor Control (110603)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > COGNITIVE SCIENCE (170200)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright © 2010 The Psychonomic Society, Inc.
Copyright Statement: The original publication is available at SpringerLink http://www.springerlink.com
Deposited On: 29 Mar 2011 15:10
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 13:15

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