An introduction to the constraints-led approach to learning in outdoor education

Brymer, Eric & Renshaw, Ian (2010) An introduction to the constraints-led approach to learning in outdoor education. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 14(2), pp. 33-41.

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Participation in outdoor education is underpinned by a learner's ability to acquire skills in activities such as canoeing, bushwalking and skiing and consequently the outdoor leader is often required to facilitate skill acquisition and motor learning. As such, outdoor leaders might benefit from an appropriate and tested model on how the learner acquires skills in order to design appropriate learning contexts. This paper introduces an approach to skill acquisition based on ecological psychology and dynamical systems theory called the constraints-led approach to skills acquisition. We propose that this student-centred approach is an ideal perspective for the outdoor leader to design effective learning settings. Furthermore, this open style of facilitation is also congruent with learning models that focus on other concepts such as teamwork and leadership.

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ID Code: 41076
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information:

Subjects: Studies, System theory, Educational leadership, Education, Dynamical systems

About the authors
Eric Brymer PhD has been passionate about
nature-based recreation for over 25 years. He has a
variety of recreational coaching qualifications though
prefers his work as a canoe and kayak coach educator.
He is currently a lecturer for the School of Human
Movement at Queensland University of Technology.
Ian Renshaw PhD is a Senior Lecturer in the
School of Human Movement at Queensland University
of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. He has special
interest in the enhancement of sports performance via
the application of a non-linear pedagogy. Currently
he works with the AIS/Cricket Australia Centre of
Excellence as a skill acquisition consultant. Email:

Additional URLs:
Keywords: Constraints-Led Approach , Skill Acquisition, Motor Learning, Outdoor Education, Ecological Psychology , Dynamical Systems Theory, HERN
ISSN: 1324-1486
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE (110600)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EDUCATION (130000) > CURRICULUM AND PEDAGOGY (130200)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EDUCATION (130000) > SPECIALIST STUDIES IN EDUCATION (130300)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 Outdoor Council of Australia
Copyright Statement: Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
Deposited On: 31 Mar 2011 22:44
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 01:19

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