Expected values for steps/day in special populations

Tudor-Locke, Catrine, Washington, Tracy L., & Hart, Teresa L. (2009) Expected values for steps/day in special populations. Preventive Medicine, 49(1), p. 3.

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To assemble expected values for free-living steps/day in special populations living with chronic illnesses and disabilities. Method

Studies identified since 2000 were categorized into similar illnesses and disabilities, capturing the original reference, sample descriptions, descriptions of instruments used (i.e., pedometers, piezoelectric pedometers, accelerometers), number of days worn, and mean and standard deviation of steps/day. Results

Sixty unique studies represented: 1) heart and vascular diseases, 2) chronic obstructive lung disease, 3) diabetes and dialysis, 4) breast cancer, 5) neuromuscular diseases, 6) arthritis, joint replacement, and fibromyalgia, 7) disability (including mental retardation/intellectual difficulties), and 8) other special populations. A median steps/day was calculated for each category. Waist-mounted and ankle-mounted instruments were considered separately due to fundamental differences in assessment properties. For waist-mounted instruments, the lowest median values for steps/day are found in disabled older adults (1214 steps/day) followed by people living with COPD (2237 steps/day). The highest values were seen in individuals with Type 1 diabetes (8008 steps/day), mental retardation/intellectual disability (7787 steps/day), and HIV (7545 steps/day). Conclusion

This review will be useful to researchers/practitioners who work with individuals living with chronic illness and disability and require such information for surveillance, screening, intervention, and program evaluation purposes.

Keywords: Exercise; Walking; Ambulatory monitoring

Impact and interest:

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65 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 41181
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Exercise, Walking, Ambulatory monitoring
DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.04.012
ISSN: 00917435
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE (110600)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright Elsevier
Deposited On: 08 Apr 2011 01:22
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:41

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