Hylaluronan-based heparin-incorporated hydrogels for generation of axially vascularized bioartificial bone tissues : in vitro and in vivo evaluation in a PLDLLA-TCP-PCL-composite system
Rath, Subha Narayan , Pryymachuk, Galyna , Bleiziffer, Oliver A. , Lam, Christopher X.F. , Arkudas, Andreas , Ho, Saey T. B. , Beier, Justus P. , Horch, Raymund E. , Hutmacher, Dietmar W., & Kneser, Ulrich (2011) Hylaluronan-based heparin-incorporated hydrogels for generation of axially vascularized bioartificial bone tissues : in vitro and in vivo evaluation in a PLDLLA-TCP-PCL-composite system. Journal of Materials Science : Materials in Medicine.
Smart matrices are required in bone tissueengineered grafts that provide an optimal environment for cells and retain osteo-inductive factors for sustained biological activity. We hypothesized that a slow-degrading heparin-incorporated hyaluronan (HA) hydrogel can preserve BMP-2; while an arterio–venous (A–V) loop can support axial vascularization to provide nutrition for a bioartificial bone graft. HA was evaluated for osteoblast growth and BMP-2 release. Porous PLDLLA–TCP–PCL scaffolds were produced by rapid prototyping technology and applied in vivo along with HA-hydrogel, loaded with either primary osteoblasts or BMP-2. A microsurgically created A–V loop was placed around the scaffold, encased in an isolation chamber in Lewis rats. HA-hydrogel supported growth of osteoblasts over 8 weeks and allowed sustained release of BMP-2 over 35 days. The A–V loop provided an angiogenic stimulus with the formation of vascularized tissue in the scaffolds. Bone-specific genes were detected by real time RT-PCR after 8 weeks. However, no significant amount of bone was observed histologically. The heterotopic isolation chamber in combination with absent biomechanical stimulation might explain the insufficient bone formation despite adequate expression of bone-related genes. Optimization of the interplay of osteogenic cells and osteo-inductive factors might eventually generate sufficient amounts of axially vascularized bone grafts for reconstructive surgery.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||bone tissue-engineered, osteo-inductive factors, BMP-2|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300) > Biomaterials (090301)|
|Divisions:||Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering|
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Past > Schools > School of Engineering Systems
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC|
|Copyright Statement:||The original publication is available at SpringerLink http://www.springerlink.com|
|Deposited On:||28 Apr 2011 08:55|
|Last Modified:||14 Aug 2011 15:26|
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