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Assessing genetic diversity in cultured aquatic species : the Sydney Rock Oyster (Saccostrea glomerata) stock improvement program as a model

Nguyen, Dien (2009) Assessing genetic diversity in cultured aquatic species : the Sydney Rock Oyster (Saccostrea glomerata) stock improvement program as a model. Masters by Research thesis, Queensland University of Technology.

Abstract

Genetic variation is the resource animal breeders exploit in stock improvement programs. Both the process of selection and husbandry practices employed in aquaculture will erode genetic variation levels overtime, hence the critical resource can be lost and this may compromise future genetic gains in breeding programs. The amount of genetic variation in five lines of Sydney Rock Oyster (SRO) that had been selected for QX (Queensland unknown) disease resistance were examined and compared with that in a wild reference population using seven specific SRO microsatellite loci. The five selected lines had significantly lower levels of genetic diversity than did the wild reference population with allelic diversity declining approximately 80%, but impacts on heterozygosity per locus were less severe. Significant deficiencies in heterozygotes were detected at six of the seven loci in both mass selected lines and the wild reference population. Against this trend however, a significant excess of heterozygotes was recorded at three loci Sgo9, Sgo14 and Sgo21 in three QX disease resistant lines (#2, #5 and #13). All populations were significantly genetic differentiated from each other based on pairwise FST values. A neighbour joining tree based on DA genetic distances showed a clear separation between all culture and wild populations. Results of this study show clearly, that the impacts of the stock improvement program for SRO has significantly eroded natural levels of genetic variation in the culture lines. This could compromise long-term genetic gains and affect sustainability of the SRO breeding program over the long-term.

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ID Code: 41460
Item Type: QUT Thesis (Masters by Research)
Supervisor: Hurwood, David& Mather, Peter
Keywords: genetic diversity, Sydney Rock Oyster, Saccostrea glomerata, aquatic agriculture
Divisions: Past > Schools > Biogeoscience
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Institution: Queensland University of Technology
Deposited On: 27 Apr 2011 13:15
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2011 06:01

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