Weekly activity-travel behaviour in rural Northern Ireland : differences by context and socio-demographic

Hine, Julian, Kamruzzaman, Md., & Blair, Neale (2011) Weekly activity-travel behaviour in rural Northern Ireland : differences by context and socio-demographic. Transportation.

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Abstract

Despite a wide variation in access to goods and services between rural areas, common policy interventions are often proposed in Northern Ireland. Questions remain as to the level and form of policy differentiation that is required, if any, both within and between different rural areas. This issue is investigated in this paper through the analysis of activity-travel patterns of individuals living in two rural areas with different levels of area accessibility and area mobility. Three focus groups, 299 questionnaires and 89 activity-travel diaries for 7 days were collected for individuals from these areas. Regression analyses were employed to explore the degree to which different factors influence activity travel behaviour. The results indicate that individuals from rural areas with a higher level of accessibility are more integrated within their local community and as a result, are potentially less at risk of being excluded from society due to immobility. Differences, however, were also found between different groups within an area (e.g. non-car owning individuals who were more reliant on walking, and low-income individuals who made trips of a shorter distance). Based on the study findings and a review of existing policies, this research highlights the need to tailor policy responses to reflect the particular sets of circumstances exhibited in different areas.

Impact and interest:

8 citations in Scopus
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6 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 41620
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Springer First Online publication
Keywords: Travel behaviour, Transport disadvantage, Rural form, Social exclusion, Northern Ireland
DOI: 10.1007/s11116-011-9322-4
ISSN: 0049-4488
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING (120500) > Transport Planning (120506)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > Schools > School of Urban Development
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2011 Springer
Copyright Statement: The original publication is available at SpringerLink http://www.springerlink.com
Deposited On: 09 May 2011 23:13
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2011 13:05

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