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Perioperative mortality after hemiarthroplasty related to fixation method : a study based on the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry

Costain, Darren J., Whitehouse, Sarah L., Pratt, Nicole L., Graves, Stephen E., Ryan, Philip, & Crawford, Ross W. (2011) Perioperative mortality after hemiarthroplasty related to fixation method : a study based on the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry. Acta Orthopaedica, 82(3), pp. 275-281.

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Abstract

Background and purpose: The appropriate fixation method for hemiarthroplasty of the hip as it relates to implant survivorship and patient mortality is a matter of ongoing debate. We examined the influence of fixation method on revision rate and mortality.----- ----- Methods: We analyzed approximately 25,000 hemiarthroplasty cases from the AOA National Joint Replacement Registry. Deaths at 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, and 1 year were compared for all patients and among subgroups based on implant type.----- ----- Results: Patients treated with cemented monoblock hemiarthroplasty had a 1.7-times higher day-1 mortality compared to uncemented monoblock components (p < 0.001). This finding was reversed by 1 week, 1 month, and 1 year after surgery (p < 0.001). Modular hemiarthroplasties did not reveal a difference in mortality between fixation methods at any time point.----- ----- Interpretation: This study shows lower (or similar) overall mortality with cemented hemiarthroplasty of the hip.

Impact and interest:

11 citations in Scopus
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8 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 41736
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: First Online publishing 11 May 2011
Keywords: cement, fixation, hemiarthroplasty, survival, mortality
DOI: 10.3109/17453674.2011.584208
ISSN: 1745-3674
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > CLINICAL SCIENCES (110300) > Orthopaedics (110314)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Past > Schools > School of Engineering Systems
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2011 Informa Healthcare
Copyright Statement: This is an electronic version of an article published in the journal Acta Orthopaedica, which is available online at informaworld.
Deposited On: 20 May 2011 07:47
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2012 15:35

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