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Motivational Interviewing changes the treatment trajectory of group Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for anxiety

Yang, Weiwen & Strodl, Esben (2011) Motivational Interviewing changes the treatment trajectory of group Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for anxiety. In Personality and Individual Differences : Theory, Assessment, & Application. NOVA Science Publishers, Hauppauge, NY.

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    Abstract

    Anxiety disorders have been viewed as manifestations of broad underlying predisposing personality constructs such as neuroticism combined with more specific individual differences of unhelpful information processing styles. Given the high prevalence of anxiety and the significant impairment that it causes, there is an important need to continue to explore successful treatments for this disorder. Research indicates that there is still room for significantly improving attrition rates and treatment adherence. Traditionally Motivational Interviewing (MI) has been used to facilitate health behaviour change. Recently MI has been applied to psychotherapy and has been shown to improve the outcome of CBT. However, these studies have been limited to only considering pre- and post-treatment measures and neglected to consider when changes occur along the course of therapy. This leaves the unanswered question of what is the impact of pre-treatment MI on the treatment trajectory of therapy. This study provides preliminary research into answering this question by tracking changes on a weekly basis along the course of group CBT. Prior to group CBT, 40 individuals with a principal anxiety disorder diagnosis were randomly assigned to receive either 3 individual sessions of MI or placed on a waitlist control group. All participants then received the same dosage of 10 weekly 2 hour sessions of group CBT. Tracking treatment outcome trajectory over the course of CBT, the pre-treatment MI group, compared to the control group, experienced a greater improvement early on in the course of therapy in their symptom distress, interpersonal relationships and quality of life. This early advantage over the control group was then maintained throughout therapy. These results not only demonstrate the value of adding MI to CBT, but also highlight the immediacy of MI effects. Further research is needed to determine the robustness of these effects to inform clinical implications of how to best apply MI to improve treatment adherence to CBT for anxiety disorders.

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    ID Code: 41807
    Item Type: Book Chapter
    Keywords: motivational interviewing, cognitive behaviour therapy, anxiety
    ISBN: 9781611225884
    Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Health Clinical and Counselling Psychology (170106)
    Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
    Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
    Copyright Owner: Copyright 2011 Please consult the authors.
    Deposited On: 27 May 2011 11:49
    Last Modified: 10 Jun 2011 05:52

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