The effect of synthesis temperature on the formation of hydrotalcites in Bayer liquor : a vibrational spectroscopic analysis
Frost, Ray L. & Palmer, Sara J. (2009) The effect of synthesis temperature on the formation of hydrotalcites in Bayer liquor : a vibrational spectroscopic analysis. Applied Spectroscopy, 63(7), pp. 748-752.
The seawater neutralisation process is currently used in the Alumina industry to reduce the pH and dissolved metal concentrations in bauxite refinery residues, through the precipitation of Mg, Al, and Ca hydroxide and carbonate minerals. This neutralisation method is very similar to the co-precipitation method used to synthesise hydrotalcite (Mg6Al2(OH)16CO3•4H2O). This study looks at the effect of temperature on the type of precipitates that form from the seawater neutralisation process of Bayer liquor. The Bayer precipitates have been characterised by a variety of techniques, including X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and infrared spectroscopy. The mineralogical composition of Bayer precipitates largely includes hydrotalcite, hydromagnesite, and calcium carbonate species. XRD determined that Bayer hydrotalcites that are synthesised at 55 °C have a larger interlayer distance, indicating more anions are removed from Bayer liquor. Vibrational spectroscopic techniques have identified an increase in hydrogen bond strength for precipitates formed at 55 °C, suggesting the formation of a more stable Bayer hydrotalcite. Raman spectroscopy identified the intercalation of sulfate and carbonate anions into Bayer hydrotalcites using these synthesis conditions.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||This is the work of student Ms Sara J. Palmer|
|Keywords:||hydrotalcite, Bayer liquor, characterisation, spectroscopy|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600) > Structural Chemistry and Spectroscopy (030606)|
|Divisions:||Past > Schools > Chemistry|
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2009 Society for Applied Spectroscopy|
|Deposited On:||16 Jun 2011 08:52|
|Last Modified:||01 Mar 2012 11:37|
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