Use of undisturbed soil columns to evaluate soil capability to renovate on-site sewage treatment system effluent
Al-Shiekh Khalil, Wael, Goonetilleke, Ashantha, & Rigby, Portia A. (2004) Use of undisturbed soil columns to evaluate soil capability to renovate on-site sewage treatment system effluent. In Tenth National Symposium on Individual and Small Community Sewage System, 21-24 March, Sacremento, California, USA.
The objective of this study was to assess soil capability for the renovation of effluent from on-site sewage treatment systems for a number of different soil types commonly present in Queensland, Australia. Undisturbed soil cores from 12 different sites were collected by a hollow hydraulic auger to a depth of approximately 1400mm. Primary treated sewage effluent with the following characteristics; 8.2 mg/L as NO3¬-N, 0.79 mg/L as PO43-, pH 7.89, EC 0.9 ds/m and COD 185 mg/L was applied to the soil columns. Due to the heterogeneity of the soil structure and its chemical characteristics, the soil capability for removing effluent contaminants varied widely. The results for the sandy soil types reported an 80% removal in the nitrate, phosphorus and salt content after 240mL flow; then the concentration of nutrients started to increase significantly in effluent samples collected from the lower section of the sandy soil columns. The wash-off of the accumulated salts and ammonia fixation resulting from the high organic matter content in this region of the columns. The soils with heavy clay content and a high cation exchange capacity provided 95% nitrate and total phosphorus removal and 50% salt reduction in the first few centimetres of the columns. Also, some soils were relatively impermeable due to the amount and type of the clay present in the soil which prevented the effluent from percolating through the columns. This resulted in effluent ponding on the surface for long periods of time. It is hypothesised that in the effluent ponding situations, the effluent would need to find an easier and more convenient path to percolate through the soil such as lateral flow and the evapotranspiration would play a key role in reducing the ponded effluent.
Impact and interest:
Citation counts are sourced monthly from and citation databases.
These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.
Citations counts from theindexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.
Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.
|Item Type:||Conference Paper|
|Keywords:||On, site sewage treatment systems, Mineralogical analysis, Soil suitability|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500) > Water Quality Engineering (090508)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (090700) > Environmental Engineering Modelling (090702)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (090700) > Environmental Engineering Design (090701)
|Divisions:||Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2004 (please consult author)|
|Deposited On:||18 May 2006 00:00|
|Last Modified:||09 Jun 2010 12:32|
Repository Staff Only: item control page