Thermal stability of the soil minerals destinezite and diadochite Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH)·6H2O - implications for soils in bush fires

Frost, Ray L. & Palmer, Sara J. (2011) Thermal stability of the soil minerals destinezite and diadochite Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH)·6H2O - implications for soils in bush fires. Thermochimica Acta, 521(1-2), pp. 121-124.

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Thermogravimetry combined with evolved gas mass spectrometry has been used to ascertain the stability of the soil minerals destinezite and diadochite. These two minerals are identical except for their morphology. Diadochite is amorphous whereas destinezite is crystalline. Both minerals are found in soils. It is important to understand the stability of these minerals because soils are subject to bush fires especially in Australia. The thermal analysis patterns of the two minerals are similar but not identical. Subtle differences are observed in the DTG patterns. For destinezite, two DTG peaks are observed at 129 and 182°C attributed to the loss of hydration water, whereas only a broad peak with maximum at 84°C is observed for diadochite. Higher temperature mass losses at 685°C for destinezite and 655°C for diadochite, based upon the ion current curves, are due to sulphate decomposition. This research has shown that at low temperatures the minerals are stable but at high temperatures, as might be experienced in a bush fire, the minerals decompose.

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ID Code: 42190
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: This is the work of student Ms Sara J. Palmer
Keywords: thermogravimetry, destinezite, diadochite, phosphate, sulphate, water of hydration, soil minerals, bush fires
DOI: 10.1016/j.tca.2011.04.014
ISSN: 0040-6031
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600) > Structural Chemistry and Spectroscopy (030606)
Divisions: Past > Schools > Chemistry
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright Elsevier 2011
Copyright Statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Thermochimica Acta. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Thermochimica Acta, [VOL 521 , ISSUE 1-2, (2011)] DOI:10.1016/j.tca.2011.04.014
Deposited On: 27 Jun 2011 23:11
Last Modified: 07 May 2014 06:03

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