CFD Simulation of turbulence promoters in a water treatment reactor

Ahmed, S., Rasul, M. G., Brown, R. J., & Hassan, NMS (2011) CFD Simulation of turbulence promoters in a water treatment reactor. In NAFEMS World Congress (NWC 2011), 23-26 May 2011, Boston, Massachusetts.


A new immobilized flat plate photocatalytic reactor for wastewater treatment has been proposed in this study to avoid subsequent catalyst removal from the treated water. The reactor consists of an inlet, reactive section where catalyst is coated and an outlet parts. In order to optimize the fluid mixing and reactor design, this study aims to investigate the influence of baffles and its arrangement on the flat plate reactor hydrodynamics using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation. For simulation, an array of baffles acting as turbulence promoters is inserted in the reactive zone of the reactor. In this regard, results obtained from the simulation of a baffled- flat plate photoreactor hydrodynamics for different baffle positions, heights and intervals are presented utilizing RNG k-ε turbulence model. Under the conditions simulated, the qualitative flow features, such as the development and separation of boundary layers, vortex formation, the presence of high shear regions and recirculation zones, and the underlying mechanism are examined. The influence of various baffle sizes on the distribution of pollutant concentration is also highlighted. The results presented here indicate that the spanning of recirculation increases the degree of interfacial distortion with a larger interfacial area between fluids which results in substantial enhancement in fluid mixing. The simulation results suggest that the qualitative and quantitative properties of fluid dynamics in a baffled reactor can be obtained which provides valuable insight to fully understand the effect of baffles and its arrangements on the flow pattern, behaviour, and feature.

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ID Code: 42195
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: CFD Modelling, Mixing, Photocatalytic Reactor, Baffle, Species Mass Fraction
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EARTH SCIENCES (040000) > PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOSCIENCE (040600) > Surfacewater Hydrology (040608)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES (070000) > OTHER AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES (079900) > Agricultural Hydrology (Drainage Flooding Irrigation Quality etc) (079901)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING (091500) > Turbulent Flows (091508)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > Schools > School of Engineering Systems
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2011 Please consult the authors.
Deposited On: 21 May 2012 00:15
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2013 08:20

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