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Association between indoor air pollution measurements and respiratory health in women and children in Lao PDR

Mengersen, Kerrie, Morawska, Lidia, & Wang, Hao (2011) Association between indoor air pollution measurements and respiratory health in women and children in Lao PDR. Indoor Air: international journal of indoor air quality and climate, 21(1), pp. 25-35.

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Abstract

This article presents the results of a study on the association between measured air pollutants and the respiratory health of resident women and children in Lao PDR, one of the least developed countries in Southeast Asia. The study, commissioned by the World Health Organisation, included PM10, CO and NO2 measurements made inside 181 dwellings in nine districts within two provinces in Lao PDR over a 5- month period (12/05–04/06), and respiratory health information (via questionnaires and peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) measurements) for all residents in the same dwellings. Adjusted odds ratios were calculated separately for each health outcome using binary logistic regression. There was a strong and consistent positive association between NO2 and CO for almost all questionnaire-based health outcomes for both women and children. Women in dwellings with higher measured NO2 had more than triple of the odds of almost all of the health outcomes, and higher concentrations of NO2 and CO were significantly associated with lower PEFR. This study supports a growing literature confirming the role of indoor air pollution in the burden of respiratory disease in developing countries. The results will directly support changes in health and housing policy in Lao PDR.

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8 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 42630
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: indoor air pollution, developing countries, respiratory health outcome, pulmonary disease, exposure, statistical association
DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0668.2010.00679.x
ISSN: 0905-6947
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (090700)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING (091500)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Past > Schools > Physics
Past > Schools > Mathematical Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S
Deposited On: 13 Jul 2011 23:05
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2014 08:07

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