The relationship between building characteristics and the chemical composition of surface films found on glass windows in Brisbane, Australia

Duigu, Josephine R., Ayoko, Godwin A., & Kokot, Serge (2009) The relationship between building characteristics and the chemical composition of surface films found on glass windows in Brisbane, Australia. Building and Environment, 44(11), pp. 2228-2235.

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Films found on the windows of residential buildings have been studied. The main aim of the paper was to assess the roles of the films in the accumulation of potentially toxic chemicals in residential buildings. Thus the elemental and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon compositions of the surface films from the glass windows of eighteen residential buildings were examined. The presence of sample amounts of inorganic elements (4.0–1.2 × 106 μg m−2) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the films (BDL - 620.1 ng m−2) has implications for human exposure and the fate of pollutants in the urban environment. To facilitate the interpretation of the results, data matrices consisting of the chemical composition of the films and the building characteristics were subjected to multivariate data analysis methods, and these revealed that the accumulation of the chemicals was strongly dependent on building characteristics such as the type of glass used for the window, the distance from a major road, age of the building, distance from an industrial activity, number of smokers in the building and frequency of cooking in the buildings. Thus, building characteristics which minimize the accumulation of pollutants on the surface films need to be encouraged.

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ID Code: 42885
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Surface films, Glass windows, Residential buildings, Chemical composition, Building characteristics, Multivariate data analysis
DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2009.02.019
ISSN: 0360-1323
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY (030100) > Analytical Spectrometry (030101)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd.
Deposited On: 13 Jul 2011 13:07
Last Modified: 18 May 2016 05:46

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