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Value-adding to cellulosic ethanol: Lignin polymers

Doherty, William, Mousavioun, Payam, & Fellows, Christopher (2011) Value-adding to cellulosic ethanol: Lignin polymers. Industrial Crops and Products, 33(2), pp. 259-276.

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Abstract

Lignocellulosic waste materials are the most promising feedstock for generation of a renewable, carbon-neutral substitute for existing liquid fuels. The development of value-added products from lignin will greatly improve the economics of producing liquid fuels from biomass. This review gives an outline of lignin chemistry, describes the current processes of lignocellulosic biomass fractionation and the lignin products obtained through these processes, then outlines current and potential value-added applications of these products, in particular as components of polymer composites.

Research highlights

The use of lignocellulosic biomass to produce platform chemicals and industrial products enhances the sustainability of natural resources and improves environmental quality by reducing greenhouse and toxic emissions. In addition, the development of lignin based products improves the economics producing liquid transportation fuel from lignocellulosic feedstock. Value adding can be achieved by converting lignin to functionally equivalent products that rely in its intrinsic properties. This review outlines lignin chemistry and some potential high value products that can be made from lignin.

Keywords: Lignocellulose materials; Lignin chemistry; Application

Impact and interest:

105 citations in Scopus
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89 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 43118
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Lignocellulose materials,Lignin chemistry, Application
DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2010.10.022
ISSN: 0926-6690
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES (070000) > CROP AND PASTURE PRODUCTION (070300)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Tropical Crops and Biocommodities
Deposited On: 13 Jul 2011 23:09
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2012 19:39

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