Laser doppler imaging in a paediatric burns population
Objective Laser Doppler imaging (LDI) was compared to wound outcomes in children's burns, to determine if the technology could be used to predict these outcomes.
Methods Forty-eight patients with a total of 85 burns were included in the study. Patient median age was 4 years 10 months and scans were taken 0–186 h post-burn using the fast, low-resolution setting on the Moor LDI2 laser Doppler imager. Wounds were managed by standard practice, without taking into account the scan results. Time until complete re-epithelialisation and whether or not grafting and scar management were required were recorded for each wound. If wounds were treated with Silvazine™ or Acticoat™ prior to the scan, this was also recorded.
Results The predominant colour of the scan was found to be significantly related to the re-epithelialisation, grafting and scar management outcomes and could be used to predict those outcomes. The prior use of Acticoat™ did not affect the scan relationship to outcomes, however, the use of Silvazine™ did complicate the relationship for light blue and green scanned partial thickness wounds. Scans taken within the 24-h window after-burn also appeared to be accurate predictors of wound outcome.
Conclusion Laser Doppler imaging is accurate and effective in a paediatric population with a low-resolution fast-scan.
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