Psychometric properties of the parents' fever management scale in a Turkish population

Altun, İnsaf, Cınar, Nursan Dede, & Walsh, Anne M. (2011) Psychometric properties of the parents' fever management scale in a Turkish population. HealthMED : Journal of Society for Development in New Net Environment in B&H, 5(3), pp. 567-575.

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Aim: This paper reports a study designed to assess the psychometric properties (validity and reliability) of a Turkish version of the Australian Parents’ Fever Management Scale (PFMS).

Background: Little is known about childhood fever management among Turkish parents. No scales to measure parents’ fever management practices in Turkey are available.

Design: This is a methodological study.

Methods: Eighty parents, of febrile children aged six months to five years, were randomly selected from the paedaitric hospital and two community family health centers in Sakarya, Turkey. The PFMS was back translated; language equivalence and content validity were validated. PFMS and socio-demographic data were collected in 2009. Means and standard deviations were calculated for interval level data and p values greater than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Unrotated principal component analysis was used to determine construct validity and Cronbach’s coefficient alpha determined the internal consistency reliability.

Results: The PFMS was psychometrically sound in this population. Construct validity, confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis [KMO 0.812, Bartlett’s Specificity (χ² = 182.799, df=28, P < 0·001)] revealed the Turkish version to be comprised of the eight original PFMS items. Internal consistency reliability coefficient was 0.80 and the scale’s total-item correlation coefficients ranged from 0.15 to 0.66 and were significant (p<0.001). Interestingly parents reported high scores on the PFMS 34.52±4.60 (range 8-40 with 40 indicating a high burden of care for febrile children).

Conclusion: The PFMS was as psychometrically robust in a Turkish population as in an Australian population and is, therefore, a useful tool for health professionals to identify parents’ practices, provide targeted education thereby in reducing the unnecessary burden of care they place on themselves when caring for a febrile child.
Relevance to clinical practice. Testing in different populations, cultures and healthcare systems will further assist in reporting the PFMS usefulness in clinical practice and research.

Impact and interest:

5 citations in Scopus
3 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 43376
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: HealthMED : Journal of Society for Development in New Net Environment in B&H is an open access journal
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Parent Fever Management Scale, Turkey, Febrile Children, Parents Practices, Community, Instrument Construct Validity
ISSN: 1840-2291
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)
Divisions: Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2011 [please consult the authors]
Deposited On: 19 Jul 2011 22:22
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2017 00:11

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