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Dangers of the after-dark wonderlands : Part A - A review of the impact of physical environment design on nightclub violence

Koleczko, Karolinka & Garcia Hansen, Veronica (2011) Dangers of the after-dark wonderlands : Part A - A review of the impact of physical environment design on nightclub violence. In The First International Postgraduate Conference on Engineering, Designing and Developing the Built Environment for Sustainable Wellbeing, 27-29 April 2011, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Qld.

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Abstract

Nightclubs are businesses. Their business is pleasure; however pleasure has its price. People have become increasingly concerned about the problems of violence in society but why do higher levels of violence occur in nightclubs despite the established patterns of behaviour that dictates how we socialise and act? In response, researchers have focused on identifying social and situational factors that may contribute to violence from a government perspective, focusing on a variety of specific issues ranging from financial standpoints with effective target marketing strategies to legal obligations of supplying alcohol and abiding regulatory conditions. There is little research into specific design properties that can determine design standards to ensure/improve the physical design of nightclub environments to reduce patron violence. To address this gap, this current article aims to understand how people experience and respond to the physical environment of nightclubs and how these spaces influence their behaviour. The first section of this paper examines the background on nightclubs and theories concerning the influence of pleasure. The second section of this paper details the findings of existing studies that have examined the nightlife context and the various factors that influence patron violence. The main finding of this paper is that although alcohol likely plays a contributing role in aggressive patron behaviour, there is evidence that the relationship is moderated by a number of significant factors relating to the characteristics of the drinking environment such as: physical comfort; the degree of overall 'permissiveness‘ in the establishment; crowding; and physical environmental elements most influenced by day to-day management practices such as lighting, ventilation, cleanliness and seating arrangements. The findings from this paper have been used to develop a framework to guide exploratory research on how specific elements of the physical environment of nightclubs have an impact on elevated patron aggression and assault (Koleczko & Garcia Hansen, 2011).

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ID Code: 43457
Item Type: Conference Paper
Keywords: Nightclub Violence, Bar/Nightclub Design, Environmental Psychology, User Behaviour, Compliance
ISBN: 9780980582741
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > ARCHITECTURE (120100) > Architectural Design (120101)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > ARCHITECTURE (120100) > Architecture Management (120105)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > ARCHITECTURE (120100) > Architecture not elsewhere classified (120199)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > Schools > School of Design
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2011 The Authors & Queensland University of Technology
Copyright Statement: This publication contains conference proceedings. Reproduction, but not modification, is permissible without the authors‘ consent provided that the authors‘ work is referenced appropriately. No modification of the contents of this publication is allowed. The Organising Committee and Queensland University of Technology are not responsible for the statements or opinions expressed in this publication. Any statements or views expressed in the papers contained in these Proceedings are those of the author(s). Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.
Deposited On: 22 Jul 2011 07:42
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2012 21:09

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