QUT ePrints

Grounded theory : a methodological spiral from positivism to postmodernism

Mills, J., Chapman, Y., Bonner, A., & Francis, K. (2007) Grounded theory : a methodological spiral from positivism to postmodernism. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 58(1), pp. 72-79.

View at publisher

Abstract

Aim. Our aim in this paper is to explain a methodological/methods package devised to incorporate situational and social world mapping with frame analysis, based on a grounded theory study of Australian rural nurses' experiences of mentoring. Background. Situational analysis, as conceived by Adele Clarke, shifts the research methodology of grounded theory from being located within a postpositivist paradigm to a postmodern paradigm. Clarke uses three types of maps during this process: situational, social world and positional, in combination with discourse analysis. Method. During our grounded theory study, the process of concurrent interview data generation and analysis incorporated situational and social world mapping techniques. An outcome of this was our increased awareness of how outside actors influenced participants in their constructions of mentoring. In our attempts to use Clarke's methodological package, however, it became apparent that our constructivist beliefs about human agency could not be reconciled with the postmodern project of discourse analysis. We then turned to the literature on symbolic interactionism and adopted frame analysis as a method to examine the literature on rural nursing and mentoring as secondary form of data. Findings. While we found situational and social world mapping very useful, we were less successful in using positional maps. In retrospect, we would argue that collective action framing provides an alternative to analysing such positions in the literature. This is particularly so for researchers who locate themselves within a constructivist paradigm, and who are therefore unwilling to reject the notion of human agency and the ability of individuals to shape their world in some way. Conclusion. Our example of using this package of situational and social worlds mapping with frame analysis is intended to assist other researchers to locate participants more transparently in the social worlds that they negotiate in their everyday practice. © 2007 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Impact and interest:

16 citations in Scopus
Search Google Scholar™
11 citations in Web of Science®

Citation countsare sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

1,114 since deposited on 26 Jul 2011
452 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloadsdisplays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 43560
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Frame analysis, Grounded theory, Mentors, Research implementation, Research methods, Rural nursing, Situational analysis, article, Australia, health personnel attitude, human, nursing methodology research, nursing theory, organization and management, philosophy, rural health care, teacher, Attitude of Health Personnel, Humans, Nursing, Postmodernism, Rural Health Services
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04228.x
ISSN: 0309-2402
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NURSING (111000)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Nursing
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 The Authors. Journal compilation Copyright 2007 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Deposited On: 26 Jul 2011 10:33
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 10:14

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page