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Fitness and fatness in childhood obesity : implications of physical activity

Shultz, Sarah P., Deforche, Benedicte, & Byrne, Nuala M. (2011) Fitness and fatness in childhood obesity : implications of physical activity. In Bagchi, Debasis (Ed.) Global Perspectives on Childhood Obesity : Current Status, Consequences and Prevention. Elselvier, Maryland Heights, MO, pp. 371-380.

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Abstract

Overweight and obesity are a significant cause of poor health worldwide, particularly in conjunction with low levels of physical activity (PA). PA is health-protective and essential for the physical growth and development of children, promoting physical and psychological health while simultaneously increasing the probability of remaining active as an adult. However, many obese children and adolescents have a unique set of physiological, biomechanical, and neuromuscular barriers to PA that they must overcome. It is essential to understand the influence of these barriers on an obese child's motivation in order to exercise and tailor exercise programs to the special needs of this population.

Chapter Outline • Introduction • Defining Physical Activity, Exercise, and Physical Fitness • Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, And Motor Competence In Obese Children • Physical Activity and Obesity in Children • Physical Fitness in Obese Children • Balance and Gait in Obese Children • Motor Competence in Obese Children • Physical Activity Guidelines for Obese Children • Clinical Assessment of the Obese Child • Physical Activity Characteristics: Mode • Physical Activity Characteristics: Intensity • Physical Activity Characteristics: Frequency • Physical Activity Characteristics: Duration • Conclusion

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 43663
Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: Description : Understanding the complex factors contributing to the growing childhood obesity epidemic is vital not only for the improved health of the world's future generations, but for the healthcare system. The impact of childhood obesity reaches beyond the individual family and into the public arenas of social systems and government policy and programs. Global Perspectives on Childhood Obesity explores these with an approach that considers the current state of childhood obesity around the world as well as future projections, the most highly cited factors contributing to childhood obesity, what it means for the future both for children and society, and suggestions for steps to address and potentially prevent childhood obesity. Audience: Nutritionists, Dieticians, Clinicians dealing with a broad range of factors that attribute to childhood obesity and health. Preview content on ScienceDirect Preface Section I: Epidemiology and Prevalence 1.Children Obesity: From a Pediatriacian’s Viewpoint 2. Salient Features on Children Obesity from the Viewpoint of Nutritionists 3. Developmental Trajectories of Weight Status in Childhood and Adolescence 4. The Measurement and Epidemiology of Childhood Obesity 5. Good Enough Parenting, Self Regulation and the Management of Weight-Related Problems 6. Nursing Perspective on Childhood Obesity 7. Contemporary Racial/Ethnic and Socioeconomic Patterns in US Childhood Obesity 8. Prediabetes among obese youth 9. Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes: An Emerging Epidemic Among Obese Youth 10. Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome in US Youth Section II: Pathophysiology 11. Emerging Pathways to Child Obesity Starts from the Mother’s Womb: A Prospective View 12. The Social, Cultural and Familial Contexts Contributing to Childhood Obesity 13. Cardiovascular Risk Clustering in Obese Children 14. A Link between Maternal and Childhood Obesity 15. Is Prenatal Exposure to Maternal Obesity Linked to Child Mental Health? 16. Sleep and Obesity in Children and Adolescents 17. Cellular remodelling during the growth of the adipose tissue 18. Children Obesity, Glucose Tolerance, Ghrelin and Prader Willi Syndrome 19. Insulin Resistance and Glucose Metabolism in Childhood Obesity 20. Insulin Resistance in Pediatric Obesity - Physiological Effects and Possible Diet Treatment 21. Role of Fatty Liver Disease in Childhood Obesity Section III: Psychological and Behavioral Factors 22. An Overview of Psychological Symptoms in Obese Children 23. Childhood obesity: Depression, anxiety and recommended therapeutic strategies 24. The Emotional Impact of Obesity on Children 25. Psychiatric Illness, Psychotropic Medication and Childhood Obesity Section IV: Consequences 26. Childhood Obesity: Public Health Impact and Policy Responses 27. Childhood Obesity and Juvenile Diabetes 28. Bone Health in Obesity and the Cross Talk between Fat and Bone Section V: Prevention and Treatment 29. A Community-Level Perspective for Childhood Obesity Prevention 30. School-Based Physical Activity and Nutrition Curriculum in the Prevention of Childhood Obesity 31. School-Based Obesity Prevention Interventions Show Promising Improvements in the Health and Academic Achievements among Ethnically-Diverse Young Children 32. School and Community Based Physical Education and Healthy Active Living Programs: Holistic Practices in Hong Kong. Singapore and the USA 33. Schools as *Laboratories* for Obesity Prevention: Proven Effective Models 34. Fitness and Fatness in Childhood Obesity: Implications of Physical Activity 35. Pharmacotherapy in Childhood Obesity 36. Beverage Interventions to Prevent Child Obesity 37. Psychotherapy as an Intervention for Child Obesity 38. Childhood obesity: Psychological correlates and recommended therapeutic strategies 39. Dietary Supplements in the Prevention and Treatment of Childhood Obesity 40. The Role of Arginine for Treating Obese Youth 41. Prevention of Childhood Obesity by Natural Products Section VI: Commentary and Recommendations 42. The Role of United States’ Law to Prevent and Control Childhood Obesity 43. Childhood Obesity as an Amplifier of Societal Inequality in the United States 44. Child Obesity, Food Choice and Market Influence 45. The Role of Media in Childhood Obesity 46. Evaluation and Management of Childhood Obesity in Primary Care Settings 47. The Future Directions of Children Obesity and Clinical Management
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Keywords: Fitness, Obesity, Children, Physical Activity
DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-374995-6.10034-9
ISBN: 9780123749956
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE (110600) > Exercise Physiology (110602)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE (110600) > Sports Medicine (110604)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved with the exception of Chapter 7
Copyright Statement: Chapter 7 is in the Public Domain No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written permission of the publisher. Permissions may be sought directly from Elsevier’s Science & Technology Rights Department in Oxford, UK: phone (+ 44) (0) 1865 843830; fax (+44) (0) 1865 853333; email: permissions@elsevier.com. Alternatively, visit the Science and Technology Books website at www.elsevierdirect.com/rights for further information
Deposited On: 27 Jul 2011 10:55
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2011 23:49

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