Parental bonding and alexithymia : a meta-analysis

Thorberg, Fred A., Young, Ross McD., Sullivan, Karen A., & Lyvers, Michael (2011) Parental bonding and alexithymia : a meta-analysis. European Psychiatry, 26(3), pp. 187-193.

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Aim: The primary purpose of this meta-analysis was to explore, clarify and report the strength of the relationship between alexithymia, as measured by the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), and parenting style as measured by the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI).

Methods: Web of Science, PsycInfo, PubMed and ProQuest: Dissertations and Theses searches were undertaken, yielding nine samples with sufficient data to be included in the meta-analysis.

Results: Evidence indicated moderate to strong relationships between maternal care and alexithymia, and between maternal care and two of the three TAS-20 alexithymia facets (Difficulties Describing Feelings and Difficulties Identifying Feelings, but not Externally Oriented Thinking). Moderate relationships were observed for both maternal- and paternal-overprotection and alexithymia respectively, and for overprotection (both maternal and paternal) and Difficulties Describing Feelings.

Conclusion: This study is the first meta-analysis of the relationship between parenting styles and alexithymia, and findings confirm an especially strong association between maternal care and key elements of alexithymia. This review highlights the issues that still remain to be addressed in exploring the link between parenting style and alexithymia.

Impact and interest:

17 citations in Scopus
17 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 43717
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Copyright date 2010; published online and in print 2011
Keywords: Parental Bonding, Parenting Style, Alexithymia, Meta-Analysis, Review, Affect Dysregulation
DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2010.09.010
ISSN: 0924-9338
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > CLINICAL SCIENCES (110300)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS All rights reserved.
Deposited On: 28 Jul 2011 22:38
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2011 04:07

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