Occurrence of iron and associated bacterial populations in soils of a forested subtropical coastal catchment
Lin, Chaofeng, Larsen, Eloise, Grace, Peter, & Smith, James J. (2011) Occurrence of iron and associated bacterial populations in soils of a forested subtropical coastal catchment. European Journal of Soil Biology, 47(5), pp. 322-332.
Iron (Fe) biogeochemistry is potentially of environmental significance in plantation-forested, subtropical coastal ecosystems where soil disturbance and seasonal water logging may lead to elevation of Fe mobilization and associated water quality deterioration. Using wet-chemical extraction and laboratory cultivation, we examined the occurrence of Fe forms and associated bacterial populations in diverse soils of a representative subtropical Australian coastal catchment (Poona Creek). Total reactive Fe was abundant throughout 0e30 cm soil cores, consisting primarily of crystalline forms in well-drained sand soils and water-logged loam soils, whereas in water-logged, low clay soils, over half of total reactive Fe was present in poorly-crystalline forms due to organic and inorganic complexation, respectively. Forestry practices such as plantation clear-felling and replanting, seasonal water logging and mineral soil properties significantly impacted soil organic carbon (C), potentially-bioavailable Fe pools and densities of S-, but not Fe-, bacterial populations. Bacterial Fe(III) reduction and abiotic Fe(II) oxidation, as well as chemolithotrophic S oxidation and aerobic, heterotrophic respiration were integral to catchment terrestrial FeeC cycling. This work demonstrates bacterial involvement in terrestrial Fe cycling in a subtropical coastal circumneutral-pH ecosystem.
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