Extracellular matrix of the human cyclic corpus luteum

Irving-Rodgers, Helen, Friden, Barbro, Morris, Stephanie, Mason, Helen, Brannstrom, Mats, Sekiguchi, Kiyotoshi, Sanzen, Noriko, Sorokin, Lydia, Sado, Yoshikazu, Ninomiya, Yoshifumi, & Rodgers, Raymond (2006) Extracellular matrix of the human cyclic corpus luteum. Molecular Human Reproduction: basic science of reproductive medicine, 12(9), pp. 525-534.

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Extracellular matrix regulates many cellular processes likely to be important for development and regression of corpora lutea. Therefore, we identified the types and components of the extracellular matrix of the human corpus luteum at different stages of the menstrual cycle. Two different types of extracellular matrix were identified by electron microscopy; subendothelial basal laminas and an interstitial matrix located as aggregates at irregular intervals between the non-vascular cells. No basal laminas were associated with luteal cells. At all stages, collagen type IV α1 and laminins α5, β2 and γ1 were localized by immunohistochemistry to subendothelial basal laminas, and collagen type IV α1 and laminins α2, α5, β1 and β2 localized in the interstitial matrix. Laminin α4 and β1 chains occurred in the subendothelial basal lamina from mid-luteal stage to regression; at earlier stages, a punctate pattern of staining was observed. Therefore, human luteal subendothelial basal laminas potentially contain laminin 11 during early luteal development and, additionally, laminins 8, 9 and 10 at the mid-luteal phase. Laminin α1 and α3 chains were not detected in corpora lutea. Versican localized to the connective tissue extremities of the corpus luteum. Thus, during the formation of the human corpus luteum, remodelling of extracellular matrix does not result in basal laminas as present in the adrenal cortex or ovarian follicle. Instead, novel aggregates of interstitial matrix of collagen and laminin are deposited within the luteal parenchyma, and it remains to be seen whether this matrix is important for maintaining the luteal cell phenotype.

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21 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 44274
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Articles free to read on journal website after 12 months
Keywords: collagen type IV/corpus luteum/extracellular matrix/laminin/versican
DOI: 10.1093/molehr/gal060
ISSN: 1360-9947
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PAEDIATRICS AND REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE (111400)
Deposited On: 24 Aug 2011 22:10
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2015 03:37

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