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Characterizing the signal pattern of a four-cylinder diesel engine using acoustic emission and vibration analysis

Lin, Tian Ran & Tan, Andy (2011) Characterizing the signal pattern of a four-cylinder diesel engine using acoustic emission and vibration analysis. In Shen, Gongtian & Wu, Zhanwen (Eds.) Proceedings of World Conference on Acoustic Emission -2011, Chinese Society for Non-destructive Testing, Beijing International Convention Center, Beijing, pp. 506-515.

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Abstract

Condition monitoring of diesel engines can prevent unpredicted engine failures and the associated consequence. This paper presents an experimental study of the signal characteristics of a 4-cylinder diesel engine under various loading conditions. Acoustic emission, vibration and in-cylinder pressure signals were employed to study the effectiveness of these techniques for condition monitoring and identifying symptoms of incipient failures. An event driven synchronous averaging technique was employed to average the quasi-periodic diesel engine signal in the time domain to eliminate or minimize the effect of engine speed and amplitude variations on the analysis of condition monitoring signal. It was shown that acoustic emission (AE) is a better technique than vibration method for condition monitor of diesel engines due to its ability to produce high quality signals (i.e., excellent signal to noise ratio) in a noisy diesel engine environment. It was found that the peak amplitude of AE RMS signals correlating to the impact-like combustion related events decreases in general due to a more stable mechanical process of the engine as the loading increases. A small shift in the exhaust valve closing time was observed as the engine load increases which indicates a prolong combustion process in the cylinder (to produce more power). On the contrary, peak amplitudes of the AE RMS attributing to fuel injection increase as the loading increases. This can be explained by the increase fuel friction caused by the increase volume flow rate during the injection. Multiple AE pulses during the combustion process were identified in the study, which were generated by the piston rocking motion and the interaction between the piston and the cylinder wall. The piston rocking motion is caused by the non-uniform pressure distribution acting on the piston head as a result of the non-linear combustion process of the engine. The rocking motion ceased when the pressure in the cylinder chamber stabilized.

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ID Code: 45683
Item Type: Conference Paper
Keywords: diesel engines, signal characteristics, Acoustic emission
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MARITIME ENGINEERING (091100)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (091300)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > CRC Integrated Engineering Asset Management (CIEAM)
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Past > Schools > School of Engineering Systems
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2011 The Auhtors
Deposited On: 05 Sep 2011 09:42
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2011 06:28

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